What we do

Forests

RPPN Alto da Boa Vista 2Atlantic Forest covered an area equivalent to 1,315,460 km2 and extended originally over 17 Brazilian states (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará and Piauí).

Today, only 8.5% of remaining forests above 100 acres of what was originally there remain. Adding all the fragments of native forest above 3 hectares, there is currently only 12.5%. It’s a global hotspot, ie, one of the richest areas in biodiversity and most threatened on the planet and also declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO and National Heritage by the Federal Constitution of 1988. The original composition of the Atlantic Forest is a mosaic of vegetation defined as dense, open and mixed rainforests; deciduous and semi-deciduous seasonal forest; altitude grasslands, mangroves and salt marshes.

Over 69% of the Brazilians live in the Atlantic Forest area according to the 2010 Population Census of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). They’re more than 131 million people in 3,284 municipalities, which account for 59% of existing in Brazil. Of these, 2,481 municipalities have all of its territories in the biome and over 803 municipalities are partially included, as data from the municipal grid IBGE (2010).

The Atlantic Forest Bill, which regulates the use and exploitation of their natural resources and forest remnants, was processed for 14 years in Congress and was finally sanctioned by President Lula in December 2006.

Brazil already has over 1,100 recognized private reserves, with more than 760 of them in the Atlantic Forest. Brazil has 633 species of animals threatened with extinction, with 383 of them occuring in the Atlantic Forest.

The Atlantic Forest is home for:animais brasileiros em risco de extinção

- More than 20 000 species of plants, with 8000 endemic;
- 270 known species of mammals;
- 992 species of birds;
- 197 reptiles;
- 372 amphibians;
- 350 fish.

Environmental Benefits

- Seven of the nine Brazilian basins;
- Regulating the flow of water sources;
- Climate control;
- Source of food and medicinal plants;
- Recreation, ecotourism, income generation and quality of life.

Human pressure on the Atlantic Forest

- Inhabited by over 131 million people in 3,284 municipalities, representing 69% of the population;
- Extraction of Brazil wood, economic cycles of cane sugar, coffee and gold;
- Agriculture and agribusiness;
- Predatory logging and plant species;
- Industrialization, unplanned urban expansion;
- Pollution.